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Morning Glory (Ipomoea spp.)


Morning Glory Information

Morning Glory is a common name of the family of plants known by the botanical name Convolvulaceae. Morning Glory is also the name given to a group of over one thousand different species of plants in the same family, based on similar characteristics.

Although most of the plants in the Convolvulaceae family are in the morning glory group, there are some plants in the family that are not. All members of the group known as morning glory plants are part of the Convolvulaceae family, but they are found in different genera.

Ipomoea is the largest genus in the Convolvulaceae family, it is made up of over 500 species of plants. The information on this page is about the morning glory plants in the genus Ipomoea that have seeds that are utilized for psychoactive purposes.

Classification
Chemistry
Availability
Ingesting
Books
References
Links


Classification Of Ipomoea
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Ipomoea

The members of the genus Ipomoea discussed below are indigenous to tropical areas of the globe, most notably Mexico and other parts of Central America. They are cultivated by gardeners in various parts of the world that have warm summers.

Although some members of the genus are shrubs or small trees, most are classified as vines. The species that are mentioned on this page and contain psychoactive compounds are all considered vines.

Gardeners almost always start these plants from seed. The vines prefer somewhat alkaline soil, ample amounts of water, moist soil that is well drained, warm temperatures with lots of sunlight.


Chemistry Of Ipomoea spp.

For centuries in Mexico and other parts of Central America, Ipomoea seeds have been utilized for mystical purposes. The power of Ipomoea tricolor seeds was known to the Aztecs, who called them tlitliltzin.

Most of the plants referred to as morning glory are not psychoactive, but there are plants in the Ipomoea genus that are. They produce seeds with fairly large concentrations of ergot alkaloids.

The primary ergot alkaloids in the seeds include:
--- LSA (d-lysergic acid amide), aka ergine
--- LAH (d-lysergic acid hydroxyethylamide) aka LSH
--- ergometrine (d-lysergic acid beta-propanolamide)
--- chanoclavine
--- elymoclavine (reference 1)

Species that are thought to contain the largest concentrations of ergot alkaloids include:
--- Ipomoea purpurea
--- Ipomoea tricolor
--- Ipomoea violacea

There is a rare chance of fatal overdose after ingesting large amounts of seeds, or for someone who is sensitive to the chemicals present. High doses cause death from respiratory arrest.

In cases where overdose is life threatening;
--- Empty contents of stomach.
--- Administer sodium sulphate and medicinal charcoal.
--- Electrolyte substitution.
--- Check acidosis.
--- Provide intubation and oxygen respiration for respiratory arrest or paralysis. (reference 2)


Availability Of Ipomoea spp.

If you are interested in cultivating your own plants or want to obtain seeds for medical, or some other purpose, you might be able to find morning glory seeds at a local nursery.

The Ipomoea strains listed below are the ones with seeds that are known to contain high concentrations of psychoactive chemicals:
--- heavenly blue
--- crimson rambler
--- flying saucers
--- pearly gates
--- blue star

When compared to other seeds with similar chemistry, like hawaiian baby woodrose and ololiuqui, morning glory seeds often cost less per dose. But depending on where you live, this might not be the case.

Seeds will retain their original potency for about a year when stored in a dark place that is dry and cool. After about a year, they will start to lose strength but can still be ingested.


Ipomoea spp. Seed Dose Size

In most parts of the globe buying and selling morning glory seeds is legal for horticultural and most other similar applications.

However, depending on where you live it may be illegal to distribute or obtain morning glory seeds with the intent of consuming them as a drug.

In some countries, including the USA, it is illegal to extract the psychoactive ergot alkaloids from morning glory and other sources of the chemical alkaloids.

Although rare, an overdose can cause death. Bad judgement while under the influence may cause a person to perform and act that might be fatal.

For example driving a car after ingesting morning glory seeds might cause a person to react in such a manner as to cause fatalities to oneself or others.

Suicide while under the influence of morning glory seeds is also possible. This should be a concern for people in a negative mood or those with mental health issues.

The first time you try morning glory seeds, no more than 50-100 seeds are recommended. If 50-100 seeds proves unsatisfactory, increase the dose size by 50-100 seed each time you try until you find a dose size you are comfortable with.

Wait for at least a week between attempts and always have a sitter, someone who is not taking drugs to look after the situation, present. 50-100 seeds is a relatively small dose and many people will feel nothing.

200-400 morning glory seeds is the dose range most people consider moderate to strong. 200 seeds may be enough to produce satisfactory results for some people, while others may require up to 400 seeds to obtain the same results.

But like LSD, depending on the individual the effects of even small amounts of morning glory seeds can be extreme. The maximum recommended dose is 500 seeds for someone who has tried lower dose amounts but found they were not strong enough.

If 500 morning glory seeds doesn't do anything for you, chances are the seeds you have are no good, or for some reason your body doesn't respond to the active chemicals.

Never take more than 200 seeds at a time unless you have worked your way up to that dosage by increasing your dose by 50-100 seeds each new attempt. For most people 200-400 seeds are enough for a very deep experience, hallucinations are common at this level.

Effects are similar to LSD, although more sedating and not as intense. However, some people that have tried drugs like LSD and mushrooms report that to them the seeds produce a deeper experience.

As with LSD, good and bad experiences are possible. The best way to ensure positive results is pay attention to proper set and setting. Consume while in a good frame of mind with people you trust in a safe location.

A common way to consume the seeds is to grind them into small pieces with a coffee grinder, hammer, mortar and pestle, pepper mill, or something similar, mixing with water or drinking alcohol and stirring occasionally for 60 minutes or more, then drinking.

Some people put the crushed seeds in water or alcohol and let them sit in a cool and dark area for 1-7 days stirring occasionally before consumption. They filter out the seeds themselves and just drink the water or alcohol.

The water can be mixed with fruit juice concentrate or something similar to make it more palatable. Dry seeds can also be ground up and put in gelatin capsules or chewed for a while and swallowed.

People will sometimes try extraction as a means obtaining the active chemicals present in the seeds, while leaving less desirable compounds out of the mix.

On an empty stomach the effects can start to be felt in 15-30 minutes, nausea is common at the beginning but often subsides as time passes. In most cases the peak effects will start to be felt in about 60-180 minutes.

However, some people might not start to peak until more than 180 minutes after ingestion. After they start, the peak will usually last for 4-6 hours. Some people can peak for 12 hours or more.

When you start to feel the effects kick in, smoking some marijuana can really set things into motion. In some cases marijuana also helps settle the stomach and reduce nausea.

Small to moderate doses can be enlightening or mind opening experiences that have similarities to ingesting LSD. Larger doses can be alarming and frightening to some people.

Nausea, sleepiness, feeling like you are in a dream, inability to concentrate or think clearly, visual phenomena including hallucinations are common.

Potency may vary between different batches of seeds depending on such things as growing conditions, storage conditions, how old they are, as well as other factors.

Do not assume that because a certain number of seeds from one batch produced results you like that the same number of seeds from another batch will do the same.

Like hawaiian baby woodrose and ololiuqui seeds that contain similar chemicals, morning glory seeds should not taken by pregnant women because they may cause a miscarriage.

Be cautious and start with a small dose your first time. To reduce the chances of a negative experience only consume the seeds with people you trust in an environment where you feel comfortable.


Related Books

The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants
Reference work about almost every common, and most less common plants and fungi, that humans have used to alter perception, mood, or consciousness. Includes history, distribution, cultivation, preparation, dosage.

Over 900 pages of easy to understand text with hundreds of full color photographs and b&w illustrations. This is the most thorough psychoactive plant encyclopedia available at the present time. Contains 4 pages about Ipomoea violacea and another 4 pages about other species in the genus.
The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants

Mind-Altering And Poisonous Plants Of The World
First section of the book is an introduction. Second section covers over 200 psychoactive plants and fungi, one page per. Discusses active ingredients, toxicity, pharmacological effects, first aid, more.

First two sections are fairly easy for an intelligent layperson to comprehend. Third section concerns the chemistry of psychoactive plants, and would be of most use to those with at least some knowledge of the subject.

Over 450 pages, glossary, further reading, index. Has one page dedicated to Ipomoea tricolor, and two pages about the chemistry of ergot alkaloids that some plants and fungi produce.
Mind-Altering And Poisonous Plants Of The World


References
reference 1 - encyclopedia of psychoactive plants
reference 2 - mind-altering and poisonous plants


Links
Erowid morning glory vault.
Google LSA extraction links.





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