List Of Opiates:
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Opiates are naturally occuring alkaloid compounds that bind to opioid receptors in the human body and have psychoactive and/or analgesic properties that are comparable to morphine.
Opiates are produced by the opium poppy, botanical name Papaver somniferum, and can be obtained from the dried latex (called opium) that is harvested from the plant. Some consider opium itself and opiate, while others feel it is strictly a source of opiates.
Papaverine, noscapine, along with over 20 other alkaloids are produced by Papaver somniferum and occur in opium. However, these substances produce minimal to no psychoactive or analgesic effect at all, thus are not classified as opiates.
Minute quantities of hydrocodone and hydromorphone may present in opium, on rare occasions. Dihydrocodeine, metopon, oxycodone, oxymorphol, oxymorphone may also sometimes occur in trace quantities, on rare occasions. This may be due to storage conditions.
The word opiate is often confused with opioid. Opioids are a broad classification of synthetic, semi-synthetic, natural drugs (including opiates) that bind to opioid receptors and have psychoactive and/or analgesic properties that are comparable to morphine.
Image: Papaver somniferum.
Year: 1885 (Gera, Germany).
Author: Otto Wilhelm Thome.
Source: Flora von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schweiz.