Propranolol is a generic name for a medication that has been sold under various brand names including: inderal, inderide, innopran, avlocardyl, bedranol, deralin, inderalici, sumial.
It is part of a class of medications known as beta-blockers. When consumed at therapeutic dose levels, it binds to beta-receptor sites in the human body and:
--- Reduces heart rate.
--- Reduces contraction of blood vessels.
--- Reduces the strength of heart muscle contractions.
Propranolol is most often prescribed:
--- To prevent migraine headaches.
--- To prevent angina (severe chest pain).
--- To treat hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
--- To treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
In addition to the uses listed above, propranolol has been employed to: prevent cluster headaches, prevent tension headaches, reduce risk of death in heart attack patients, reduce tremors, treat abnormal heart rhythm.
For some people, propranolol has been effective at preventing or lessening the number and severity of migraine headaches. However, it is not effective for everyone
Propranolol must be taken prior to having a migraine rather than being consumed while experiencing a migraine headache. If it is taken by someone who is in the midst of a migraine attack, it will most likely not help at all.
Propranolol can also reduce the physical symptoms of anxiety. This includes performance anxiety (stage fright) as well as social and other forms of anxiety.
Aspects of anxiety that are helped include blushing, breathing, heart rate, shaking, stuttering, sweating, trembling voice.
Be aware that it does not help with the mental aspects of anxiety, just the physical. In order to help with the mental anxiety, sometimes in addition to propranolol, benzodiazepines like xanax or valium are prescribed.
As a recreational drug, propranolol is not recommended. If you feel the need to try, keep the dose at 10-20 milligrams. Small doses can reduce symptoms of anxiety and be relaxing. Larger doses tend to increase negative side effects.
If you notice that 10-20 milligrams helps you with anxiety or other problems in some way, it might be best to talk to a health care provider. Propranolol or another form of beta-blocker might help on a long term basis.
To employ propranolol to treat performance anxiety, a 10-20 milligram dose (some people require up to 40 mg) should be taken about 15-60 minutes before the time when anxiety is expected.
Propranolol should be avoided by people with asthma and copd. People with diabetes or heart problems should be cautious if they take this medication.
Side effects include decreases in blood pressure and heart rate. Less often seen side effects include a rash, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting. Some people may feel this medication causes weakness.
Discuss any other medications you are taking with a health care provider prior to ingesting propranolol for the first time. This is because it can interact with other types of medicine.